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X60sとDebianとMySQL

X60s 上の DebianMySQL をインストールする。
32ビットなので MySQLmysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686 を採用する。

参考情報

設定ファイルの配置

/etc/my.cnf を配置する。以下例。

# Example MySQL config file for medium systems.
#
# This is for a system with little memory (32M - 64M) where MySQL plays
# an important part, or systems up to 128M where MySQL is used together with
# other programs (such as a web server)
#
# MySQL programs look for option files in a set of
# locations which depend on the deployment platform.
# You can copy this option file to one of those
# locations. For information about these locations, see:
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/option-files.html
#
# In this file, you can use all long options that a program supports.
# If you want to know which options a program supports, run the program
# with the "--help" option.

# The following options will be passed to all MySQL clients
[client]
#password	= your_password
port		= 3306
socket		= /tmp/mysql.sock

# Here follows entries for some specific programs

# The MySQL server
[mysqld]
basedir = /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686
port		= 3306
socket		= /tmp/mysql.sock
skip-external-locking
key_buffer_size = 64M
max_allowed_packet = 1M
table_open_cache = 256
sort_buffer_size = 4M
net_buffer_length = 8K
read_buffer_size = 1M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 512K
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M

character-set-server = utf8mb4
skip-character-set-client-handshake
default-storage-engine = InnoDB

slow_query_log  = 1
slow_query_log_file = slow_query.log
long_query_time = 0.5
log-queries-not-using-indexes = 1

general-log = 1
general_log_file = query.log

# Don't listen on a TCP/IP port at all. This can be a security enhancement,
# if all processes that need to connect to mysqld run on the same host.
# All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets or named pipes.
# Note that using this option without enabling named pipes on Windows
# (via the "enable-named-pipe" option) will render mysqld useless!
# 
#skip-networking

# Replication Master Server (default)
# binary logging is required for replication
#log-bin=mysql-bin

# binary logging format - mixed recommended
#binlog_format=mixed

# required unique id between 1 and 2^32 - 1
# defaults to 1 if master-host is not set
# but will not function as a master if omitted
server-id	= 1

# Replication Slave (comment out master section to use this)
#
# To configure this host as a replication slave, you can choose between
# two methods :
#
# 1) Use the CHANGE MASTER TO command (fully described in our manual) -
#    the syntax is:
#
#    CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST=<host>, MASTER_PORT=<port>,
#    MASTER_USER=<user>, MASTER_PASSWORD=<password> ;
#
#    where you replace <host>, <user>, <password> by quoted strings and
#    <port> by the master's port number (3306 by default).
#
#    Example:
#
#    CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST='125.564.12.1', MASTER_PORT=3306,
#    MASTER_USER='joe', MASTER_PASSWORD='secret';
#
# OR
#
# 2) Set the variables below. However, in case you choose this method, then
#    start replication for the first time (even unsuccessfully, for example
#    if you mistyped the password in master-password and the slave fails to
#    connect), the slave will create a master.info file, and any later
#    change in this file to the variables' values below will be ignored and
#    overridden by the content of the master.info file, unless you shutdown
#    the slave server, delete master.info and restart the slaver server.
#    For that reason, you may want to leave the lines below untouched
#    (commented) and instead use CHANGE MASTER TO (see above)
#
# required unique id between 2 and 2^32 - 1
# (and different from the master)
# defaults to 2 if master-host is set
# but will not function as a slave if omitted
#server-id       = 2
#
# The replication master for this slave - required
#master-host     =   <hostname>
#
# The username the slave will use for authentication when connecting
# to the master - required
#master-user     =   <username>
#
# The password the slave will authenticate with when connecting to
# the master - required
#master-password =   <password>
#
# The port the master is listening on.
# optional - defaults to 3306
#master-port     =  <port>
#
# binary logging - not required for slaves, but recommended
#log-bin=mysql-bin

# Uncomment the following if you are using InnoDB tables
#innodb_data_home_dir = ibdata
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1G
#innodb_log_group_home_dir = ibdata
# You can set .._buffer_pool_size up to 50 - 80 %
# of RAM but beware of setting memory usage too high
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M
innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 2M
# Set .._log_file_size to 25 % of buffer pool size
innodb_log_file_size = 32M
innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50

innodb_file_per_table
innodb_file_format=barracuda
innodb_strict_mode=1

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M

[mysql]
no-auto-rehash
# Remove the next comment character if you are not familiar with SQL
#safe-updates

[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 20M
sort_buffer_size = 20M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M

[mysqlhotcopy]
interactive-timeout

/etc/my.cnf のファイルパーミッションの設定

chown root:mysql /etc/my.cnf
chmod 660 /etc/my.cnf

インストール

# 作業ディレクトリの作成
mkdir /tmp/mysql-installation-working-dir
cd /tmp/mysql-installation-working-dir

# MySQLのダウンロード
wget -O mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686.tar.gz http://www.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686.tar.gz/from/http://cdn.mysql.com/

# shared library のインストール
yes | apt-get install libaio1

# MySQLのインストール
groupadd mysql
useradd -r -g mysql mysql
mkdir -p /opt/mysql
cd /opt/mysql
tar zxvf /tmp/mysql-installation-working-dir/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686.tar.gz
ln -s mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686 mysql
cd mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql .
scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
chown -R root .
chown -R mysql data
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql

# /usr/local/bin にリンクしておく
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/innochecksum /usr/local/bin/innochecksum
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/msql2mysql /usr/local/bin/msql2mysql
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/myisamchk /usr/local/bin/myisamchk
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/myisam_ftdump /usr/local/bin/myisam_ftdump
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/myisamlog /usr/local/bin/myisamlog
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/myisampack /usr/local/bin/myisampack
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/my_print_defaults /usr/local/bin/my_print_defaults
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql /usr/local/bin/mysql
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqlaccess /usr/local/bin/mysqlaccess
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqlaccess.conf /usr/local/bin/mysqlaccess.conf
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqladmin /usr/local/bin/mysqladmin
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqlbinlog /usr/local/bin/mysqlbinlog
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqlbug /usr/local/bin/mysqlbug
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqlcheck /usr/local/bin/mysqlcheck
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_client_test /usr/local/bin/mysql_client_test
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_client_test_embedded /usr/local/bin/mysql_client_test_embedded
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_config /usr/local/bin/mysql_config
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_convert_table_format /usr/local/bin/mysql_convert_table_format
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqld /usr/local/bin/mysqld
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqld-debug /usr/local/bin/mysqld-debug
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqld_multi /usr/local/bin/mysqld_multi
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqld_safe /usr/local/bin/mysqld_safe
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqldump /usr/local/bin/mysqldump
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqldumpslow /usr/local/bin/mysqldumpslow
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_embedded /usr/local/bin/mysql_embedded
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_find_rows /usr/local/bin/mysql_find_rows
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_fix_extensions /usr/local/bin/mysql_fix_extensions
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqlhotcopy /usr/local/bin/mysqlhotcopy
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqlimport /usr/local/bin/mysqlimport
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_plugin /usr/local/bin/mysql_plugin
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_secure_installation /usr/local/bin/mysql_secure_installation
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_setpermission /usr/local/bin/mysql_setpermission
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqlshow /usr/local/bin/mysqlshow
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqlslap /usr/local/bin/mysqlslap
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqltest /usr/local/bin/mysqltest
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysqltest_embedded /usr/local/bin/mysqltest_embedded
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_tzinfo_to_sql /usr/local/bin/mysql_tzinfo_to_sql
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_upgrade /usr/local/bin/mysql_upgrade
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_waitpid /usr/local/bin/mysql_waitpid
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_zap /usr/local/bin/mysql_zap
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/perror /usr/local/bin/perror
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/replace /usr/local/bin/replace
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/resolveip /usr/local/bin/resolveip
ln -f -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/resolve_stack_dump /usr/local/bin/resolve_stack_dump

設定ファイルの修正

/etc/init.d/mysql に環境情報をセットする。
以下例:

vi /etc/init.d/mysql
:%s/^basedir=$/basedir=\/opt\/mysql\/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686
:%s/^datadir=$/datadir=\/opt\/mysql\/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686\/data

mysqldの起動

/etc/init.d/mysql start

MySQLのルートパスワードの設定等

/opt/mysql/mysql-5.5.29-linux2.6-i686/bin/mysql_secure_installation # パスワードを設定し、以降全部Yで対応。

後片付け

rm -rf /tmp/mysql-installation-working-dir

自動起動設定

update-rc.d mysql defaults